Statistical Centre of Iran > Metadata > Definitions & Concepts > Culture and Tourism

Culture and Tourism
Book: a printed and non-periodical covered publication with at least 48 pages and a cover.

Children's Cultural and Artistic Centre: a place for children to do cultural and artistic activities.

Cinema: refers to art, technique and industry of   making and showing films.

Circulation: the number of copies of a publication published or reproduced in one time.

Concessionaire of a publication: a legal or natural person who is responsible for policy-making and running all publication’s affairs except for the content of the publication.

Film production: comprises a series of activities from screenwriting to preparation of a final copy of finished film through selection of essential players (producer, screenwriter, director, actor, cameraman, etc.), passing film technical stages (cinematography, editing, sound, processing and printing).

First edition: first publication of a complete copy of a book.

Historical monuments: all architectural heritage including buildings with historical, artistic or scientific value.

Library:is a local place where collections of hand-written or printed books and the like, including printed  and  audio-visual materials, are regularly gathered and kept  for people to  read and  conduct  research.

Long (Feature) film:refers to a film produced as animation.

Manuscript book: is a handwritten book or document of the time printing was not invented.

Museum: a permanent, non-profit institute, where interesting and valuable items from nature or achievements of men are collected, kept, studied, trained and displayed. It is open to the public.

New edition: printing a book after undergoing revision with possibly new price and form using the previous typesetting.

News broadcasting (radio/television): refers to news broadcast on radio and television after preparation, selection, formulation and edition.

News: is information about events in a country or world or in a particular area and time that is published in newspapers and broadcast on radio and television. News can be political, social, cultural, scientific, artistic matters, sports, etc.

Non-tourist: a person who leaves his permanent homeland to seek job, permanent residence, asylum, education, or for political missions abroad.

Production of radio and television programmes:is a process in which the contextual (massage) and structural components are incorporated artistically and technically using required resources in order to be broadcast on TV, radio and the Internet

programme: refers to the programme produced and broadcast for overseas people.

Publication:any kind of written materials printed or visual that is disseminated at limited or wide levels in different forms. It is published on a periodical and non-periodical basis. The former is published continuously with a single title and its issue order is clear in advance . The latter lacks these characteristics

Radio and television broadcasting: refers to a produced and broadcast programme which can be received by people on radio, TV and the Internet.

Radio and television network: is an organiza-tional structure responsible for activities such a production, provision, edition and/or broadcast of radio and television programmes based on defined and specified goals and missions.

The press: refers to the publications of a fixed title, date, issue number and a number of printed or electronic pages regularly published on various political, social, scientific, artistic issues, sports, etc. The press is daily or non-daily (based on order of publication); general and specialized (based on content), local, national and international (based on the distribution scope), public and specific (based on readers such as children,  teenagers, young adults and women).

Tourist: according to the World Tourism Organization, tourist is a person who travels to a country or city other than his regular living place for a period of 24 hours to 1 year for the purpose of entertainment, rest, sports, visiting friends and relatives, mission, attending seminars, conferences or meetings, medical treatment, study and research or religious activities.

Writing: to write a book in different areas by one or more persons.