Statistical Centre of Iran > Metadata > Definitions & Concepts > Welfare and Social Security

Welfare and Social Security

Addict: the person with chemical and behavioral dependence on one of the narcotics. In case of  stopping  taking drugs, he/she will suffer from either physical, mental or behavioral problems, or  combination of these.

Agreed insured: the person that is covered by the insurance without wage relationship and based on agreement made between Social Security Organization with the related legal person.

Aid project: a programme  for  regular or  ad hoc  financial   support  of   guardianless  households, and  households  with  disabled  or   handicapped head with regard to their needs.

An insured: a person who pays a sum of money as his premium can benefit from the rights included in the law of the insurer.

Compensation  of  payment:  the   compensatory money legally  paid to the insured during pregnancy, illness, and temporary disability for not receiving wage or salary.

Compulsory insured: an insured person that works by order of an employer or his/her agent in a place named an establishment, and is a wage and salary earner.

Day-care centres: institutions, according to the regulations and permission of the Welfare Organization of Ostan, which provide services like taking care of children, training them and identifying and developing their talents biologically, psychologically and socially in three age groups of infants (3-24 months old), toddlers (2-3 years old) and young children (3-7 years old).

Deceased retired member of the State Retirement Fund: a member  passed away after retirement or inability with  at  least one heir  subject   to   the   law   of   receiving pension.

Deceased working member of the State Retirement Fund: a member passed away before retirement with at least one heir subject to the law of receiving pension.

Dependent insured person (insured's family): a person or individuals that are eligible to receive the benefits included in the insurer's law.

Devotees: Shahed, Janbazan and Azadegan's households covered by Martyr and Devotee's Affairs Foundation.

Establishments with contractual insurance: an establishment which  undertakes a part of  Social Security Organization  commitments  against  its own    staff   and   in   return   the    Organization reimburses a relative percentage of the insurance premium to the employer.

Establishments with non-contractual insurance: an establishment for which all related commitments of the Social Security Organization are fulfilled by the Organization itself.

Genetic consultation centre: places providing diagnostic, preventive and consultation services on congenital and genetic disorders or predicting the health level of individuals associated with these diseases.

Government employees' insured dependents: the dependents of all persons subject to the State Employment Law who pay a percentage of their salary, as retirement reductions, to the State Retirement Fund so that the dependents can benefit from medical insurance of Medical Services Insurance Organization under the Fund.

Government establishment: the institutions established according to the law and administered under government management, whose whole budget or at least 51 percent of which  is provided from government credits. Government organizations and ministries with full budget from government funds, and institutions such as Varamin Sugar Company or Carpet Company with more than half of the investment by the government are some examples.

Guardianless children:   children    who       are deprived of  any  eligible  and  effective   guardian temporarily or permanently. (Children and Women Supporting Law).

Insurance for own-account occupations: an insurance specific to those who are either employer or own-account worker, and their involvement in a certain  occupation  is  certified either by an occupation certificate issued by authorized officials or by board of directors of the Social Security Organization and are not subject to special support programmes.

Insured   persons   from  other   walks   of    life: groups  who  have received medical card due  to  contract  between  their insured party and Medical Services Insurance Organization or the affiliated general departments. They include the martyr's families, Janbazans, religious students, clergymen, university students, aid recipients of Welfare Organization subject to Manpower and the Medical System Members Plan.

Insured persons of Iranians' insurance: The insured person is an Iranian citizen which is covered under medical services insurance within the Iranian Insurance Project.

Marriage aid: the money paid to the insured according to certain regulations to cover a part of the marriage expenditures.

Medical services:  services such as outpatient treatment, hospitalization, filling a prescription, transferring patients, granting rehabilitation aid articles, delivery facilities, etc. provided to the households qualified to receive medical aids.

Members of the State Retirement Fund: every employee is considered as a member of the State Retirement Fund since their probation period till the last day an heir of whom receives pension.

Non-government establishment: an establishment runs by natural or legal persons which could be public or private. Those in public sector are self-sufficient in their budgets and are usually supervised by the government, but are not considered governmental. Some examples are municipalities, Red Crescent Society of the I.R. of Iran, and establishments and companies under National Industries Organization.

Pension:  payments regularly made under the law to the insured  persons or to the qualified survivors of the insured persons deceased to meet their requirements.

Pensioner: a retired, disabled insured worker or a survivor of insured workers (eligible hair) who receives pension according to the regulation of the related insurance fund.

Percentage of disability:  the extent of physical and mental disability of  Janbazan (the war handicapped) determined by the Medical Commission. In the State Employment Act, a 100 percent Janbaz is considered a ”disabled“.

Physical disability compensation: a lump sum paid to the insured to compensate for their disability or income reduction.

Preventive services: a series of measures taken to thwart the outbreak and/or progress of a certain phenomenon in a particular community.

Principal insured: an insured that is directly subject to the regulations included in the law of the insurer.

Prolonged disabled: an employed person who has lost part or all his/her ability to work based on discretion of an authorized body. This disability may be resulted from work –related accidents or non-work- related accidents.

Rehabilitation services: a collection of medical, paramedical, educational, professional, and social services to improve the potential abilities  of the disabled.

Retired: a person who is legally eligible to receive retirement pension.

Retirement: the unemployment of the State Retirement Fund members or the Social Security Organization insured persons who are by law qualified to stop working after their working span.

Rural day-care centre: private day-care centre operating in rural areas.

Rural insured persons: all persons who are living in villages and have been staying in the village for at least 6 months as well as nomads will be covered by medical insurance of Medical Services Insurance Organization under villagers' fund.

Seda-ye- Moshaver (Consultation Call Centre): a centre which provides consultation and psychological services in order to treat social and psycho disorders and problems.

Self-sufficiency loan: a loan (or grant-in-aid) paid to the households covered by Emam Khomeini Relief Committee who are active in the field of weaving (including weaving of carpets, Geleem, and Jajim), tailoring, animal husbandry, agriculture, etc.

Self-sufficient day-care centre: institutions which are established by the government agencies, institutes and factories according to the regulations to provide services to the workers of the same agencies for training their children, and identifying and developing their talents biologically, psychologically and socially.

Shahed: All persons who got martyred, missing or captive in the course of continuation of Islamic Revolution and protection of its achievements and/or in defence  of the I. R. Iran’s territorial integrity against threats and aggressions of enemies, anti-revolution agents and the wicked.

Shahid Rajaee Project: a programme for financial support of the poor old rural dwellers and nomads, aged 60 or over and their dependents. Those covered by the programme receive a monthly pension in cash or kind.

Social  services  complex:  a  department     which provides   two  or  more support  services  to  aid recipients   under  the   support   programme   for guardianless households and the needy.

Social services: a collection of non-insurance services provided to help low-income groups and the needy to meet their basic requirements.

The disabled under support: A disabled person who is helped according to the service and support criteria of Welfare Organization through making a file. He/she will be put out of the support cycle after enjoying employment opportunity and empowerment within a specific time based on a well-organized programme.

The disabled:  A person who has limitation in his/her personal or social functions due to physical (movement and sensory), intellectual or psychosocial disorders.

The elderly: People aged 60 and over.

The self-employed insured persons: all self-employed persons, professionals and insurance applicants who do not benefit from any kind of insurance such as Medical Services Insurance Organization, Social Security, Armed Forces or Emam Khomeini Relief Committee, but pay the total approved 100 percent per capita premium and receive a medical card.

Unemployment  insurance:  Under   the   Social Security Act, the Social  Security Organization is bond  to  pay  unemployment   allowance  to  the insured  eligible  workers  who   are  temporarily

Voluntary insurance: according to the article 8 of the Social Security Law, individuals who are excluded from the compulsory insured group due to the reasons other than reasons mentioned in the Law. Based on the related regulations and directives, individuals can sign a contract with which they can continue their insurance on a voluntary basis.