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Implementation of the Fourth Iranian National Census of Agriculture ‎

Implementation of the Fourth Iranian National Census of Agriculture 

27 September-9 November 2014

The Iranian Census of Agriculture, coincided with the 2010 round of agricultural censuses, is scheduled to be carried out from 27 September to 9 November 2014. This is the fourth in a series of the National Census of Agriculture. The previous censuses were undertaken in the years 1988, 1993 and 2003. The Statistical Centre of Iran (SCI) is responsible to take this Census in collaboration with other government agencies according to the decree of the President of the I.R. Iran.

Ministry of the Jihad-e-Agriculture as the main user of the statistics obtained in this Census has a close collaboration with the Census working groups and operational staff and supports the SCI in the Census implementation. According to the Law the National Census of Agriculture is taken decennially.

Objectives, definitions, classifications, standards and methodologies of this Census are based on the Handbook” World Programme for the Census of Agriculture, 2010” published by FAO.

In order to review the probable problems and challenges of the Census and finding suitable solutions for tackling them, the first phase of the pilot census of agriculture was taken in 2012 in three provinces. The second phase of the pilot Agriculture Census was carried out in 2013 in 31 rural agglomerations of 31 provinces of the country and also in five selected cities.

The main method for data collection in this Census is face-to-face interview with the agricultural holders by trained enumerators through TABLET Device. For this purpose, first, households, agricultural and livestock holders, authorized companies and public institutions engaged in agricultural activities are recognized through place listing and the reports of the local authorities and well-informed persons, and then one or more questionnaires are filled out for every holder through direct interview. The most important specification of this Census is the use of Tablet device instead of paper forms, which is used for the first time in this agriculture census. Indeed, using tablet instead of paper questionnaire is an important innovation for increasing accuracy and precision of the collected data and decreasing the time lag between the data collection and the results dissemination. All editing operations are done by the enumerators themselves.

The questions which are asked by the enumerators are: name and the address of the agricultural holders including natural or legal persons, age, literacy, educational attainment and national identity number of the holder, agricultural land use, name of the holding products, land under annual crops including wheat, barley and rice disaggregated by rainfed and irrigation, number of productive trees and sapling of the permanent crops, number of light and heavy livestock by gender, area of greenhouse, and type of the greenhouse activity. In this Census, we have focused on main census objective, namely frame constructing for sample surveys which are scheduled to be undertaken in a few months after the Census. They include livestock survey, permanent crops survey and temporary crops survey which can satisfy the statistical needs of planners and researchers.

After the Census, a report of the collected data will be available to the planners, managers and researchers.

  

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